Global warming and climate change are closely inter-related. The climatic change is the effect of rising temperatures on the poles which results in the continuous melting of the glaciers. Besides encompassing global warming, climatic change is leading to rising seas, shifting wildlife habits and populations, and other effects. This article brings you certain climate change and global warming statistics and facts you need to be aware of.
Carbon Dioxide Emissions
As of 2020, and according to reports, the concentration of carbon dioxide in the earth’s atmosphere is 416 parts per million which is the highest in human history. Also in 2018, Cement usage and fossil fuels discharged over 36.6 billion metric tons of this gas. The largest emitter of the gas is the Asia Pacific that results in 17.27 billion metric tons in 2019. USA, Canada, and Australia are also the largest emitters of the gas based on per capita emissions.
2019 – The 2nd Hottest Year
The global warming statistics reports say that 2019 has been the second warmest year to date. During the year, the average universal temperature was 1.8°F hotter than the prior century’s average. The soaring temperatures are responsible for several weather-related catastrophes such as floods and storms.
Economic Losses Globally Due To Weather Catastrophes
Reports from the global warming statistics database show that there was a loss of about 229 billion U.S. dollars in 2019 as a result of weather catastrophes. Among this total loss, tropical cyclones contributed to about 68 billion U.S. dollars loss. Further, the average economic losses globally from 2000-2019 were about 243 billion U.S. dollars/year.
Deforestation & Green House Effect
Deforestation is the cause of about 25% of greenhouse gas emissions. This human activity of cutting trees releases a large number of harmful gases, especially carbon dioxide, into the atmosphere. Another origin of greenhouse gas emissions includes transportation, electricity production, agriculture, industrial and residential operation, and land use.
Many countries are contributing to greenhouse emissions especially China and the USA, which are the world’s largest polluters. Since 1990, gross greenhouse gas emissions in the USA have increased by 3.7%. This increase is attributed to human activities, along with factors like changes in the economy.
Melting Of Ice
As said above, ice is melting at a faster rate, especially at the poles, including regions of Greenland and West Antarctica. The number of glaciers in Montana’s Glacier National Park has dropped from over 150 to less than 30. Well, the melting ice results in the rising levels of the sea. It also poses a threat to many species including Adélie penguin in Antarctica whose population has collapsed to a greater extent.
Fighting climate change is the only solution to overcome the consequences of weather changes. This can subsequently be done by restoring forests and planting more trees. The reason is that forests work efficiently in storing carbon dioxide due to various activities. Furthermore, other ways to fight climate change include pollution control, less use of fossil fuels, and regulation over other human activities that impact the atmosphere.