In the modern world, technology rapidly advances as days go by and this opens lots of opportunities and possibilities for us. Just imagine this, you originally live in rural areas, you have just finished your studies and is now going to the big city to pursue your college degree. Of course, you are not the only one with that in mind, as you can see, we likely to think that there is a lot of opportunities that awaits us if we move to the city. Since we all know that in the big city, we can make our dreams come true, right? Probably not all the time.
Sometimes, big cities become overpopulated that city engineers and planners will look for new places to house this massive influx of people. Most of the time, city planners will turn nearby rural areas into housing projects to accommodate these people. At the same time, new establishments and infrastructures will be developed to provide all these people needs, like shops, stores, factories, and more. This change makes the once quiet rural area into a sprawling, bustling community. Also, this all sounds good until the adverse effects kick in.
Understanding Urban Sprawl
Urban sprawl, in its essence, is another word for urbanization. It refers to the movement to another place or departure of a population from urban areas to rural areas. Usually poorly planned and sometimes hastily made. Urbanization results in the widening of the city and its suburbs. Urban sprawl is the development of commercial and residential structures on undeveloped land, usually in the nearest countryside.
It is also considered as an uncoordinated growth and expansion of land development for people to live in without thinking about the adverse effects it can give. In some countries, urban sprawl is usually unplanned, which is also believed to be unsustainable. Leading to ineffective and inefficient use of resources.
Causes of Urban Sprawl
Let’s start first with the causes of Urban Sprawl, for this can be the reason for a lot of things. The cost of land is far cheaper in the outer suburbs compared to the ones in the city. Of course, the closer you are in the city, or within the area, the higher the price. Other people like to live away from the busy lifestyle and the noise. They prefer to live in peace just outside or near the city. Others, especially people with high income, want to have a much bigger house. These people may tend to look out for low-density residential areas so that they can get a home they desired.
Other causes of urban sprawl are lower house tax rates, subsidized infrastructure improvements, and also rapid population growth.
Effects of Urban Sprawl
The effects of urban sprawl may include the destruction of nearby wildlife due to urbanization. And to build new homes and infrastructure for people (which is the leading cause of habitat loss and driving certain species of animals and plants into near extinction). Also, the increase in pollution and traffic due to people will be more inclined to use their vehicles to go from their homes to the city for work or school. And increased consumption of resources like water, electricity, and food to cater to the number of people settling there.
Urban sprawl will continue to occur due to our ever-increasing population and our demands. Looking for a much cheaper and accessible housing near cities on where we work, take our supplies, and also study. Urbanization may be considered as a good thing due to more house for people, which is a good counter also to the overpopulation of certain areas. However, sometimes it has a lot of undesirable effects like cutting down trees and turning lots of habitats into human communities. It still depends on how we perceive it, either good or bad. A perfect balance of this will not just solve our overpopulation issues, but also save the environment.